Only a few people have ever heard of the African Roman Emperor who influenced Britaiń in the first century. His name is Lucius Septimius Severus, born on 11 April 145 and died on 4 February 211.
He was a black Roman Emperor born in Leptis Magna, present-day Al-Khums in Libya. Severus was born into a family of great wealth and they were distinguished and of equestrian rank. His mother was of Italian descent and his father was from North Africa.
He was the first emperor born into a regional family of non-Italian origin.
His mother’s ancestors came from Italy to North Africa.
They belonged to the gens Fulvia, an Italian aristocratic family that had its origins in Tusculum.
His father was an unknown provincial with no political status. He had two cousins who served as consuls under emperor Antoninus Pius between 138 and 161. They were named Publius Septimius Severus and Gaius Septimius Severus.
The Influence Of Septimius Severus on the British.
He responded to the cry for help by the British governor. He needed protection from brigands who were attacking Britiśh citizens.
In response to the danger, he built the walls of Roman London, about a square mile to help protect London. These walls are defined by what Septimius Severus did for Britäin.
He set up camp in York and fought alongside garrisons to help protect London from the dangers. After killiņg the incoming emperor, Didius Julianus, he fought other claimants to the throne and defeated them.
The claimants were Pescennius Niger and Clodius Albinus. Niger was defeated at the Battle of Issus in Cilicia, while Albinus was defeated three years later at the Battle of Lugdunum in Gaul. A short punitive campaign beyond the eastern frontier won him the Kingdom of Osroene as a new province.
He waged wärs in the east against the Parthian Empire and sacked the capital in 197. This helped to expand his territory on the eastern frontier to Tigris. His territory increased and was fortified at Limes Arabicus in Arabia Petraea.
He campaigned in Africa and Mauretania against the Garamantes in 202. He captured their capital Garama and expanded the Limes Tripolitanus close to the southern desert frontier.