Stomach ulcers, also known as gastric ulcers, are open sores that develop on the lining of the stomach.
They are a type of peptic ulcers, which refers to ulcers that occur in both the stomach (gastric ulcers) and the upper part of the small intestine (duodenal ulcers).
Stomach ulcers occur when the protective lining of the stomach is damaged or compromised, allowing stomach acid and digestive juices to erode the underlying tissues. This erosion leads to the formation of open sores or ulcers.
The primary cause of stomach ulcers is infection with a bacterium called Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori).
This bacterium is believed to be responsible for a majority of stomach ulcer cases.
Other factors that can contribute to the development of stomach ulcers include long-term use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as aspirin or ibuprofen, excessive alcohol consumption, smoking, and stress.
Açcording to Healthline, foods people with stomach ulcer should avoid include:
Milk, once believed to alleviate stomach acidity and provide pain relief, is now found to stimulate the secretion of stomach acid and should be avoided by individuals with ulcers.
Consumption of alcohol can harm the stomach and digestive tract, heightening the risk of developing ulcers.
3. Coffee and soft drinks:
Coffee and carbonated beverages, including decaffeinated options, have the potential to increase stomach acid production, leading to irritation of the stomach lining.
4. Spicy and fatty foods:
Foods that are excessively spicy or high in fat may cause discomfort and irritation in certain individuals.
However, personal tolerance plays a role, with chili peppers being an exception.