Recently discovered the method of mummification and discovered its materials and methods. The ancient Egyptians discovered mummification by leaving the corpse on the hot sand covered with sunlight, as it was found that the corpse did not decompose quickly. Herodotus mentioned some methods and from here we were able to discover the method of mummification, and its methods are as follows:
1– Extraction of the brain from the skull by suction through the nose using a chisel and a hammer to cut through the nasal wall, and then the brain is pulled through the nostril with a heated and hooked hook and the bowels of the body are extracted all but the heart (the center of the soul and emotion), and thus does not remain in the corpse Any soft material that rots with bacteria, either by opening or by injecting pine oil into the viscera through the anus.
2 – The chest and abdomen cavities are filled with natron solution and linen rolls impregnated with resin and perfumes, which are all substances that cannot be a medium for decomposition and decomposition of bacteria.
3 – Drying the body by placing it in dry natron salt to extract every bit of water present in it, extracting fats and drying the tissues completely.
4 – Coating the corpse with liquid resin to block all the pores of the skin and so that it is a moisture insulator and repellent to microorganisms and insects in various circumstances, even if the corpse is placed in water or left in the open.
5 – In one of the advanced stages of the modern Pharaonic state, sand was placed under the skin between the muscle layer and the skin through openings in various parts of the body, so that the limbs appeared to be full and did not show any sagging in the skin.
6 – Use beeswax to close the nose, eyes, mouth, and abdomen.
7 – Coloring lips and cheeks with cosmetics.
8 – Wrap the mummy with many linen bands, which may reach hundreds of meters, painted with resin, colored with red iron oxides (red ocher), with beeswax added as an adhesive material in the last seventy days of the mummification process.